The Inflationary Big Bang Model
The inflationary big bang theory is, by far, the most accepted theory of the origin of the universe. All evidence gathered to date supports this theory. Other theories rely upon sets of unlikely circumstances or phenomenon which can never be tested or proven.
Big Bang Timeline
- 0 second to 10-43 second. Only God knows or can know what happened during this period of time. We know only that at least 9 dimensions of space existed as what is called singularity. All of the universe-to-be existed as a point of no volume. Time as we know it was created.
- 10-43 second, also known as Planck time. This is the point at which gravity, one of the four unified forces, became separate from the remaining three forces.
- 10-36 second. The strong nuclear force (the force that holds the nuclei of atoms together) separated from the other three unified forces.
- 10-36 to 10-32 second. Immediately following and triggered by the separation of the strong nuclear force, the universe expanded rapidly for this brief period of time.
- 10-32 to 10-5 second. The universe is filled with quarks, antiquarks, and electrons. The quarks and antiquarks combine and annihilate each other. Quarks are in excess of antiquarks by a ratio of 1,000,000,001 to 1,000,000,000. The remaining quarks will make up all the matter that exists in the universe.
- 10-12 second. The final two unified forces split from one another. Electromagnetism, which controls the attraction of negatively and positively charged particles, becomes separate from the weak nuclear force, which controls radioactive decay.
- 10-5 second. The universe cools to 1,000,000,000,000°K allowing quarks to combine to form protons and neutrons, the building blocks of atomic nuclei.
- 1 second to 3 minutes. The universe continues to cool, allowing protons and neutrons to combine to form the nuclei of future atoms.
- 10-32 second to 3000 years. Electromagnetic energy, produced during the annihilation of quarks and antiquarks, dominates the forces of gravity.
- 3000 years to present. Matter becomes the primary source of gravity. Matter begins to clump with the aid of large amounts of exotic or dark matter. This matter interacts weakly with electromagnetic energy, but is able to clump with itself through gravity, even during the domination of electromagnetic energy.
- 300,000 years. Continued expansion and cooling allow matter and electromagnetic energy to decouple. The nuclei of atoms are able to capture electrons to form complete atoms of hydrogen, helium and lithium.
- 200,000,000 years. Galaxy formation begins as matter continues to clump.
- 9,000,000,000 years. The solar system forms.
- 10,000,000,000 years. Life begins on earth.
- 13,700,000,000 years.1 Jesus Christ conquers sin.
- There is Too Much Evil and Suffering For God to Exist?
- Where is God When Bad Things Happen? Why Natural Evil Must Exist
- Haiti Earthquake Kills Over 200,000: Where was God?
- Southeast Asia Earthquake and Tsunami: Where was God?
- Where was God During the World Trade Center Attack?
- If God Existed, Prayer Would Have Brought World Peace?
- D. N. Spergel, R. Bean, O. Doré, M. R. Nolta, C. L. Bennett, J. Dunkley, G. Hinshaw, N. Jarosik, E. Komatsu, L. Page, H. V. Peiris, L. Verde, M. Halpern, R. S. Hill, A. Kogut, M. Limon, S. S. Meyer, N. Odegard, G. S. Tucker, J. L. Weiland, E. Wollack, E. L. Wright. 2007. Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Three Year Results: Implications for Cosmology. Astrophysics arXiv:astro-ph/0603449v2.
Today's New Reason to Believe
Integrating Science and Faith
- 05/04/2015 02:05 AM
Astronomers Improve Type Ia Supernova Measurement Methods
For centuries astronomers were convinced that the universe was infinitely large, structurally static with no beginning. For millennia, however, the Bible has implied that the universe has expanded, and continues to expand, from an actual beginning of space and time. Edwin Hubble upset the astronomersâ€™ infinite universe model in 1929 with observations showing that galaxies … Continue reading
- 04/30/2015 02:39 AM
Weird Life: Could Life Be Based on Silicon?
Could alien life be based on the element silicon rather than on carbon? This idea has been seriously proposed in the scientific literature for more than a century. Not surprisingly, then, silicon-based life has also been a staple of science fiction. For example, the Star Trek franchise features Tholians, creatures that appear to be composed … Continue reading
- 04/27/2015 02:24 AM
Weird Life: Must Life Chemistry Be Carbon Based?
In the early days of science fiction television, aliens on shows like Star Trek and Doctor Who typically looked like humans with slight feature changes. Some had green skin, some were given antennae, others had enlarged heads, and so forthâ€”nothing too complex thanks to small production budgets. These days, digitally created aliens in Hollywood blockbusters … Continue reading
- 04/23/2015 02:14 AM
The Proton-Neutron Mass Difference Illustrates Fine-Tuning
Our daily lives depend on neutrons, protons, and electrons. These building blocks of atoms determine how those atoms behave, how long they last, and so many other things. Although protons and neutrons both exceed the mass of electrons by almost a factor of 2,000, the relatively tiny difference in mass between protons and neutrons plays … Continue reading
- 04/20/2015 02:55 AM
Has the Big Bang Gone Bust?
Did the universe begin to exist or has it always existed? RTB argues that strong biblical and scientific evidence point to a beginning. We would say the Bible claims that the universe began to exist and that science can address the assertion. This notion of a beginning represents a significant, testable claim of Christianity, and … Continue reading
- 04/16/2015 02:05 AM
The Human Hand in Creating Superbugs
Superbugs are frightening and the latest news on this medical front isnâ€™t good. Investigators from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis discovered that two genes (dubbed NDM-1 and KPC) that confer resistance to carbapenemsâ€”one of the most powerful classes of antibioticsâ€”readily transfer among Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, and other members of the … Continue reading
- 04/13/2015 02:30 AM
Darwinâ€™s Problem: The Origin of Language
Language can bind us together and language can separate us. One of the most frustrating things I encountered on a speaking tour in Lima, Peru, last spring was struggling to communicate with my Peruvian audience and hosts, many of whom spoke only Spanish. Whether we speak the same language or not, all human beings possess … Continue reading
- 04/09/2015 02:55 AM
Q&A: Is the Methuselah Star Older Than the Universe?
John from Tennessee I was curious about what effect, if any, an anomaly like HD 140283, commonly know as the Methuselah star, would have on your model. If it were found to be actually 14.5 billion years old, as opposed to falling in the 800-million-year margin for error, what would this mean and could it … Continue reading
- 04/06/2015 02:09 AM
Q&A: Did God Make Time Stand Still for Joshua?
Kristine from Rogers, MN In Joshua 10, Joshua prayed for the Sun to stand still and God answered his prayer and the Sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down for about a full day. In Isaiah 38, the Lord provided a sign to Hezekiah that he would live longer by … Continue reading
- 04/02/2015 02:25 AM
The Hope That We Have
But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect. 1 Peter 3:15 Reasons to Believeâ€™s (RTB) mission focuses on science apologeticsâ€”demonstrating the agreement between the natural world … Continue reading
Last Modified June 16, 2006