Section Three: Who Is Jesus Christ?
Lesson 3: Survey
Who is Jesus Christ?In the right hand margin write "true" or "false" after each of the following statements.
|Jesus Christ never grew tired or became hungry.||
|Jesus Christ grew and developed as all other men.||
|Jesus does not have the authority to forgive sin,||
|Others who knew Jesus Christ believed that He was God.||
|Jesus Christ was half God and half man.||
|Jesus Christ did not exist before being born to Mary.||
|Jesus died like all other men.||
|Jesus Christ has complete authority over all creation.||
|Jesus Christ could forgive men their sins.||
|Jesus Christ is God.||
Section #3: "Who Is Jesus Christ?"
Key/Memory Verse: John 1:1, 14
This week's study sheet will look at how Scripture answers the question, "Who Is Jesus?"
I. Jesus Christ Is God - Fully GodJesus Christ is unique among religious leaders in that He directly claimed to be God.
"Not one recognized religious leader, not Moses, Paul, Buddha, Mohammed, Confucius, etc., has ever claimed to be god; that is, with the exception of Jesus Christ. Christ is the only religious leader who has ever claimed to be deity and the only individual ever who has convinced a great portion of the world that He is God." (Thomas Schultz)
The most striking feature of the teaching of Jesus is that he was constantly talking about himself.
This self-centeredness of the teaching of Jesus immediately sets him apart from the other great religious teachers of the world. They were self-effacing. He was self-advancing. They pointed men away from themselves saying, "That is the truth so far as I perceive it; follow that." Jesus said, "I am the truth; follow me." The founder of none of the ethnic religions ever dared to say such a thing. The personal pronoun forces itself repeatedly on our attention as we read his words." For example:
"I am the bread of life; he who comes to Me shall not hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst." (John 6:35)
"I am the light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life." (John 8:12)
"I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me shall live even if he dies, and everyone who lives and believes in Me shall never die." (John 11:25, 26)
"I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but by me." (John 14:6)
"Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you, and learn from Me..." (Matthew 11:28, 29)
2. Jesus stated that the three great divisions of the Old Testament - The Law, Prophets, and Writings - were "things concerning Himself" (Luke 24:27, 44)
"With such an opinion of Himself, it is not surprising that He called people to Himself. Indeed, He did more than issue an invitation; He uttered a command. "Come to me", He said, and "Follow me". If men would only come to Him, He promised to lift the burdens of the weary, to satisfy the hungry, and to quench the thirst of the parched soul".
Jesus clearly believed Himself to be the Messiah the Old Testament predicted but His claims went beyond Messiahship for He claimed Deity.
The Jews' uncontrollable anger was the result of their hearing Christ's claim to be one with God and thereby claiming to be God Himself. They definitely understood His claim, but they did not stop to consider whether His claim was true or not!
2. In John 5:17,18, the Jews sought to kill Christ because he not only broke the Sabbath but He was claiming a unique relationship with God, He was claiming to be equal to God.
3. In John 8:58 "Jesus said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I AM."
Using an oath ("truly, truly"), Jesus claims the very name of God as His own. (Note: in Exodus 3:14, Deuteronomy 32:39; Isaiah 43:10 the name God chooses to go by is I AM (He). The Jews' reaction in John 8:59, desiring to stone Him, indicates they understood Jesus' claim to be a claim to deity.
In addition, Jesus claimed to be with the Father before the creation of the world (John 17:5)
Jesus claimed to be God. He did not leave any other options. His claim to be God must be either true or false and is something that should be given serious consideration.
C.S. Lewis, who was a professor at Cambridge University and once an agnostic, wrote: "I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him. I'm ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don't accept His claim to be God." That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic - on a level with the man who says he is a poached egg - or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God or else a madman or something worse.
"You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill him as a demon; or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come up with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to."
C. The Bible claims Jesus is God
According to Luke 7:16, when Jesus entered the temple, who did the people say had visited them? God .
According to John 1:1 and 1:18, who is Jesus? God .
According to John 20:28, who did Thomas say Jesus was? God .
According to 2 Corinthians 4:4 Christ is the image of God .
Philippians 2:6 states that Jesus Christ existed in the form of God .
Colossians 2:9 says that in Christ the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form .
Hebrews 1:2-3 says that the Son is the exact representation of God's nature.
According to Hebrews 1:8, God says of the Son: Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever.
The apostle Peter tells us (2 Peter 1:1) that Jesus is our great God and Savior.
D. Jesus' Indirect Claims To Deity
1. Turn to Mark 2 and read verses 1-7. What does Jesus indicate He has power to do in verse 5? forgive sin
Why are the Jews so upset with His claim (v. 7)? Only God can forgive sin
2. Besides claiming to be able to forgive sins, which only God can do,
Jesus also indirectly claimed deity by demonstrating His power in various
in Luke 4:40, He had power over illness
in Luke 4:33-36, He had power over demons
in John 5:21, He had power over life and death
3. Jesus has qualities that only One who is God could possess:
|Omnipotent (all powerful)||1 Chronicles 29:11||Philipians 3:20-21|
|Omniscient (all knowing)||1 John 3:20||Colossians 2:2-3|
|Lord of Sabbath||Genesis 2:3||Matthew 12:8|
|Is perfect||Matthew 5:48||Colossians 1:19|
|The great "I am"||Exodus 3:14||John 8:58|
|The only creator||Isaiah 44:24||John 1:3|
|The only savior||Isaiah 43:11, 45:21||Acts 4:12|
|Judges mankind||Isaiah 3:13, 14||2 Corinthians 5:10|
|Judges between the sheep and goats||Ezekiel 34:17||Matthew 25:31-33|
|Sent the prophets||Jeremiah 7:25||Matthew 23:34|
|Resurrected Jesus||Acts 4:10||John 10:17-18|
|"Coming in glory"||Isaiah 40:5||Matthew 24:30|
|Our Father||Isaiah 63:16||Isaiah 9:6|
|The "first and last"||Isaiah 44:6||Revelation 1:17|
|Rock of salvation||2 Samuel 22:32||1 Corinthians 10:4|
|Stone of stumbling||Isaiah 8:13-15||1 Peter 2:8|
|"One crying in the wilderness" came to prepare a way for||Isaiah 40:3||Matthew 3:3|
|Eternal||Genesis 21:33||Micah 5:2|
|The fountain of living waters||Jeremiah 17:13||John 4:10-14|
|Resurrects the dead||Acts 26:8||John 6:40|
|Gives rewards to man||Isaiah 40:10||Matthew 16:27|
|Has all authority and power||1 Chronicles 29:11||Matthew 28:18|
|Gives power and authority to man||Psalm 68:35||Luke 9:1|
|Forgives sin||2 Chronicles 7:14||Matthew 9:6|
|Sent the Holy Spirit||John 14:16||John 16:7|
|Has the greatest name||Nehemiah 9:5||Philippians 2:9|
|Worthy of worship||Exodus 34:14||Revelation 5:12-13|
|The good Shepherd||Genesis 48:15||John 10:14|
|Searches for the lost sheep of Israel||Ezekiel 34:11||Matthew 15:24|
|"Lord of Lords"||Deuteronomy 10:17||Revelation 17:14|
|To whom every knee shall bow||Isaiah 45:22-23||Philippians 2:10|
|The righteous branch of David||Jeremiah 23:5-6||Jeremiah 33:15|
|Who alone is Holy||1 Samuel 2:2||Acts 3:14|
|Whose blood cleanses us||Acts 20:28||1 John 1:7|
|The world was created for whom||Proverbs 16:4||Colossians 1:16|
|Above all||Nehemiah 9:6||Romans 9:5|
|Forever the same||Psalms 102:24-27||Hebrews 1:8-12|
|Our light||Psalm 27:1||John 8:12|
|The way or path||Psalms 16:11||John 14:6|
|In charge of the angels||Psalms 103:20||2 Thessalonians 1:7|
|Gives us rest||Exodus 33:14||Matthew 11:28|
|Gives eternal life||Proverbs 19:23||John 3:36|
|We are the bride of||Isaiah 54:5||2 Corinthians 11:2|
II. Jesus Christ Was Man - Fully HumanScripture teaches that Jesus was God - fully God. Scripture goes on to teach that the Son of God, Jesus, came to earth in human flesh.
In the words of John 1:14, "And the Word (Jesus) became flesh and dwelt among us...", Jesus was a man - fully man - fully human.
This is a vital truth concerning Jesus Christ. If He were not fully human, He could not have represented us on the cross. Since man had sinned, it was necessary that sin's penalty be borne by a man. Furthermore, if Christ was not fully human, He could not be the High Priest who comforts and strengthens us (Hebrews 2:14-18).
His conception was a supernatural work of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 1:20, Luke 1:35). Who was the Father of Jesus? God, the Father! When told by the angel that she would bear a child, Mary exclaimed "How can this (my pregnancy) be, since I am a virgin?" (Luke 1:34)
Though His conception was supernatural, Jesus' birth was that of a normal child born of a human mother (Matthew 1:18, Luke 2:5-7).
B. His Childhood
Jesus, as a normal child, grew physically and mentally (Luke 2:40, 52).
C. His Humanity
- Jesus had a body (Matthew 26:12)
- Jesus had a soul (Matthew 26:38)
- Jesus had a spirit (Luke 23:46)
D. How is Jesus' humanity seen in the following situations?
John 4:7 became thirsty
Matthew 4:2 became hungry
John 11:35 Jesus wept
John 19:28 became thirsty
Matthew 13:55-56 had siblings
E. Jesus Was Fully Human Yet Without Sin
As the God-Man, fully God and fully human, He was without sin; He did not sin and could not sin. (John 8:46; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 4:15; 9:14).
In His humanity, He was the only one who never had a sinful nature (with the exception of Adam before the fall into sin).
Jesus Is the Godman
Everything that can be said of God can be said of Jesus
B. He was fully human.
Everything that can be said of man as man can be said of Him.
C. These two natures, the divine and human, are united in one person.
Jesus doesn't have a double or split personality - He is one self.
D. These two natures in Jesus are inseparably united and yet are not mixed or confused.
Jesus didn't become a hybrid or a mixture that would make Him neither God nor man.
Section Three Supplement: "The Messiahship of Jesus Christ"
IntroductionSome of the best apologetics material from the Bible are the prophecies of the Jewish Messiah, fulfilled in the person of Jesus Christ. The following table is a list of 67 prophecies that Jesus fulfilled in his ancestry, birth, life, work, death, and resurrection.
|And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel." (Genesis 3:15)||seed of a woman||But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, (Galatians 4:4)|
|And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed." (Genesis 12:3)||descendant of Abraham||The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (Matthew 1:1)|
|But God said, "No, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; and I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. (Genesis 17:19)||descendant of Isaac||the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, (Luke 3:34)|
|"I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near; a star shall come forth from Jacob, and a scepter shall rise from Israel, and shall crush through the forehead of Moab, and tear down all the sons of Sheth. (Numbers 24:17)||descendant of Jacob||To Abraham was born Isaac; and to Isaac, Jacob; and to Jacob, Judah and his brothers; (Matthew 1:2)|
|"The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples. (Genesis 49:10)||from the tribe of Judah||the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, (Luke 3:33)|
|"Behold, the days are coming," declares the LORD, "When I shall raise up for David a righteous Branch; and He will reign as king and act wisely and do justice and righteousness in the land. In His days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely; and this is His name by which He will be called, `The LORD our righteousness.'" (Jeremiah 23:5-6)||descendant of David||The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (Matthew 1:1)|
|"And My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have one shepherd; and they will walk in My ordinances, and keep My statutes, and observe them." (Ezekiel 37:24)||will shepherd His people||"`And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah, Are by no means least among the leaders of Judah; For out of you shall come forth a Ruler, Who will shepherd My people Israel.'" (Matthew 2:6)|
|There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this. (Isaiah 9:7)||heir to the throne of David||"He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and His kingdom will have no end." (Luke 1:32-33)|
|Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness
is the scepter of Thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated
wickedness; therefore God, Thy God, has anointed Thee with the oil of joy
above Thy fellows. (Psalm 45:6-7)
"Of old Thou didst found the earth; and the heavens are the work of Thy hands. Even they will perish, but Thou dost endure; and all of them will wear out like a garment; like clothing Thou wilt change them, and they will be changed. But Thou art the same, and Thy years will not come to an end." (Psalm 102:25-27)
|anointed and eternal||But of the Son He says, "Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the righteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy companions." And, "Thou, Lord, in the beginning didst lay the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Thy hands; They will perish, but Thou remainest; and they all will become old as a garment, and as a mantle Thou wilt roll them up; as a garment they will also be changed. But Thou art the same, and Thy years will not come to an end." (Hebrews 1:8-12)|
|"But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, from the days of eternity." (Micah 5:2)||born in Bethlehem||And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, in order to register, along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child.... And she gave birth to her first-born son; and she wrapped Him in cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. (Luke 2:4-5, 7)|
|"So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. (Daniel 9:25)||time for His birth||Now it came about in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census be taken of all the inhabited earth. This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria. (Luke 2:1-2)|
|"Therefore the LORD Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel. (Isaiah 7:14)||to be born of a virgin||Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee, called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.... And the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary; for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus." (Luke 1:26-27, 30-31)|
|Let the nomads of the desert bow before him; And his enemies lick the dust. (Psalm 72:9)||worshipped by shepherds||And in the same region there were some shepherds staying out in the fields, and keeping watch over their flock by night. And an angel of the Lord suddenly stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them; and they were terribly frightened. And the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of a great joy which shall be for all the people; for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord."... And it came about when the angels had gone away from them into heaven, that the shepherds began saying to one another, "Let us go straight to Bethlehem then, and see this thing that has happened which the Lord has made known to us." (Luke 2:8-15)|
|Let the kings of Tarshish and of the islands bring presents;
The kings of Sheba and Seba offer gifts... So may he live; and may the
gold of Sheba be given to him; And let them pray for him continually; Let
them bless him all day long. (Psalm 72:10, 15)
"And nations will come to your light, And kings to the brightness of your rising." (Isaiah 60:3)
|honored by great kings||Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, "Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east, and have come to worship Him."... And they came into the house and saw the Child with Mary His mother; and they fell down and worshiped Him; and opening their treasures they presented to Him gifts of gold and frankincense and myrrh. (Matthew 2:1-11)|
|Thus says the LORD, "A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation and bitter weeping. Rachel is weeping for her children; she refuses to be comforted for her children, because they are no more." (Jeremiah 31:15)||slaughter of children||Then when Herod saw that he had been tricked by the magi, he became very enraged, and sent and slew all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all its environs, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had ascertained from the magi. Then that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying, "A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children; and she refused to be comforted, because they were no more." (Matthew 2:16-18)|
|When Israel was a youth I loved him, and out of Egypt I called My son. (Hosea 11:1)||flight to Egypt||And he arose and took the Child and His mother by night, and departed for Egypt; and was there until the death of Herod, that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, "Out of Egypt did I call My Son." (Matthew 2:14-15)|
|A voice is calling, "Clear the way for the LORD in the wilderness; make smooth in the desert a highway for our God. Let every valley be lifted up, and every mountain and hill be made low; and let the rough ground become a plain, and the rugged terrain a broad valley; Then the glory of the LORD will be revealed, and all flesh will see it together; for the mouth of the LORD has spoken." (Isaiah 40:3-5)||the way prepared||And he came into all the district around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins; as it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, "The voice of one crying in the wilderness, `Make ready the way of the Lord, make His paths straight. `Every ravine shall be filled up, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough roads smooth; and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.'" (Luke 3:3-6)|
|"Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the LORD, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming," says the LORD of hosts. (Malachi 3:1)||preceded by a forerunner||And when the messengers of John had left, He began to speak to the multitudes about John, "What did you go out into the wilderness to look at? A reed shaken by the wind?... "This is the one about whom it is written, `Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way before You.'" (Luke 7:24, 27)|
|"Behold, I am going to send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the LORD. And he will restore the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the land with a curse." (Malachi 4:5-6)||preceded by Elijah||"For all the prophets and the Law prophesied until John. And if you care to accept it, he himself is Elijah, who was to come." (Matthew 11:13-14)|
|"I will surely tell of the decree of the LORD: He said to
Me, `Thou art My Son, today I have begotten Thee.'" (Psalm 2:7)
Who has ascended into heaven and descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has wrapped the waters in His garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name or His son's name? Surely you know! (Proverbs 30:4)
|declared the Son of God||"He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most
High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David;" (Luke
and behold, a voice out of the heavens, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased." (Matthew 3:17)
|But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but later on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles. The people who walk in darkness will see a great light; those who live in a dark land, the light will shine on them. (Isaiah 9:1-2)||Galilean ministry||and leaving Nazareth, He came and settled in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali. This was to fulfill what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying, "The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles-- "The people who were sitting in darkness saw a great light, and to those who were sitting in the land and shadow of death, upon them a light dawned." (Matthew 4:13-16)|
|I will open my mouth in a parable; I will utter dark sayings of old, which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us. We will not conceal them from their children, but tell to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, and His strength and His wondrous works that He has done. (Psalm 78:2-4)||speaks in parables||All these things Jesus spoke to the multitudes in parables, and He did not speak to them without a parable, so that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, "I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden since the foundation of the world." (Matthew 13:34-35)|
|...For My house will be called a house of prayer for all
the peoples. " (Isaiah 56:7)
"Has this house, which is called by My name, become a den of robbers in your sight? Behold, I, even I, have seen it," declares the LORD. (Jeremiah 7:11)
|temple becomes a house of merchandise instead of prayer||And He said to them, "It is written, `My house shall be called a house of prayer'; but you are making it a robbers' den." (Matthew 21:13)|
|For zeal for Thy house has consumed me, and the reproaches of those who reproach Thee have fallen on me. (Psalm 69:9)||zeal of Jews for the temple instead of God||His disciples remembered that it was written, "Zeal for Thy house will consume me." (John 2:17)|
|"The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him." (Deuteronomy 18:15)||a prophet||and that He may send Jesus, the Christ appointed for you... "Moses said, `The Lord God shall raise up for you a prophet like me from your brethren; to Him you shall give heed in everything He says to you.'" (Acts 3:20, 22)|
|And on that day the deaf shall hear words of a book, and
out of their gloom and darkness the eyes of the blind shall see. (Isaiah
Then the eyes of the blind will be opened, And the ears of the deaf will be unstopped. Then the lame will leap like a deer, and the tongue of the dumb will shout for joy. For waters will break forth in the wilderness and streams in the Arabah. (Isaiah 35:5-6)
|blind, deaf, and lame are healed by the Messiah||And He answered and said to them, "Go and report to John
what you have seen and heard: the blind receive sight, the lame walk, the
lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor
have the gospel preached to them." (Luke 7:22)
and said to Him, "Are You the Expected One, or shall we look for someone else?" And Jesus answered and said to them, "Go and report to John what you hear and see: the blind receive sight and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. (Matthew 11:3-5)
|"He will not cry out or raise His voice, Nor make His voice
heard in the street. "A bruised reed He will not break, And a dimly burning
wick He will not extinguish; He will faithfully bring forth justice. (Isaiah
He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; like a lamb that is led to slaughter, and like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, so He did not open His mouth. (Isaiah 53:7)
|Messiah will be meek and mild||"Behold, My Servant whom I have chosen; My Beloved in whom
My soul is well-pleased; I will put My Spirit upon Him, And He shall proclaim
justice to the Gentiles. He will not quarrel, nor cry out; Nor will anyone
hear His voice in the streets. A battered reed He will not break off, And
a smoldering wick He will not put out, Until He leads justice to victory."
"Take My yoke upon you, and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart; and you shall find rest for your souls.(Matthew 11:29)
|"Behold, My Servant, whom I uphold; My chosen one in whom
My soul delights. I have put My Spirit upon Him; He will bring forth justice
to the nations. (Isaiah 42:1)
Listen to Me, O islands, and pay attention, you peoples from afar. The LORD called Me from the womb; from the body of My mother He named Me. (Isaiah 49:1)
|will minister to Gentiles||MAT 12:18 "Behold, My Servant whom I have chosen; My Beloved
in whom My soul is well-pleased; I will put My Spirit upon Him, and He
shall proclaim justice to the Gentiles... "And in His name the Gentiles
will hope." (Matthew 12:18-21)
A light of revelation to the Gentiles, And the glory of Thy people Israel. " (Luke 2:32)
|The Spirit of the LORD God is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me to bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to captives, and freedom to prisoners; to proclaim the favorable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn, (Isaiah 61:1-2)||to bind up the brokenhearted||"He has sent Me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are downtrodden, to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord." (Luke 4:18-19)|
|Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the great, And
He will divide the booty with the strong; Because He poured out Himself
to death, And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet He Himself bore
the sin of many, And interceded for the transgressors. (Isaiah 53:12)
And He saw that there was no man, And was astonished that there was no one to intercede; Then His own arm brought salvation to Him; And His righteousness upheld Him. (Isaiah 59:16)
|to interceed for the people||who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is He who died,
yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes
for us. (Romans 8:34)
Hence, also, He is able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them. (Hebrews 7:25)
|As the cattle which go down into the valley, The Spirit
of the LORD gave them rest. So didst Thou lead Thy people, To make for
Thyself a glorious name. (Isaiah 63:14)
Thus says the LORD, "Stand by the ways and see and ask for the ancient paths, Where the good way is, and walk in it; And you shall find rest for your souls. But they said, `We will not walk in it.'" (Jeremiah 6:16)
|gives rest to our souls||"Take My yoke upon you, and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart; and YOU SHALL FIND REST FOR YOUR SOULS. For My yoke is easy, and My load is light." (Matthew 11:29-30)|
|He was despised and forsaken of men, a man of sorrows, and
acquainted with grief; and like one from whom men hide their face, He was
despised, and we did not esteem Him. (Isaiah 53:3)
"Then He shall become a sanctuary; But to both the houses of Israel, a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over, And a snare and a trap for the inhabitants of Jerusalem." (Isaiah 8:14)
Therefore thus says the LORD God, "Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, A costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes in it will not be disturbed." (Isaiah 28:16)
The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief corner stone. (Psalm 118:22)
|rejected by His own people, the Jews||He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive
Him. (John 1:11)
But they cried out all together, saying, "Away with this man, and release for us Barabbas!" (Luke 23:18)
He is the stone which was rejected by you, the builders, but which became the very corner stone. (Acts 4:11)
For this is contained in Scripture: "Behold I lay in Zion a choice stone, a precious corner stone, And he who believes in Him shall not be disappointed." This precious value, then, is for you who believe. But for those who disbelieve, "The stone which the builders rejected, This became the very corner stone," and, "A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense"; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed. (1 Peter 2:6-8)
|The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind, "Thou art a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek." (Psalm 110:4)||priest after the order of Melchizedek||So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest, but He who said to Him, "Thou art My Son, Today I have begotten Thee"; just as He says also in another passage, "Thou art a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek." (Hebrews 5:5-6)|
|Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, Humble, and mounted on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a donkey. (Zechariah 9:9)||triumphal entry||And they brought the colt to Jesus and put their garments on it; and He sat upon it.... And those who went before, and those who followed after, were crying out, "Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord;"... And He entered Jerusalem and came into the temple; and after looking all around, He departed for Bethany with the twelve, since it was already late. (Mark 11:7, 9, 11)|
|"Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the LORD, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming," says the LORD of hosts. (Malachi 3:1)||entered the temple with authority||And Jesus entered the temple and cast out all those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the moneychangers and the seats of those who were selling doves. (Matthew 21:12)|
|From the mouth of infants and nursing babes Thou hast established strength, because of Thine adversaries, to make the enemy and the revengeful cease. (Psalm 8:2)||adored by infants||But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that He had done, and the children who were crying out in the temple and saying, "Hosanna to the Son of David," they became indignant, and said to Him, "Do You hear what these are saying?" And Jesus said to them, "Yes; have you never read, `Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babes Thou hast prepared praise for Thyself?'" (Matthew 21:15-16)|
|Who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed? (Isaiah 53:1)||not believed||But though He had performed so many signs before them, yet they were not believing in Him; that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke, "Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?" (John 12:37-38)|
|"Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, And against the man, My Associate," Declares the LORD of hosts. "Strike the Shepherd that the sheep may be scattered; and I will turn My hand against the little ones." (Zechariah 13:7)||sheep of the Shepherd scattered||Then Jesus said to them, "You will all fall away because of Me this night, for it is written, `I will strike down the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered.'" (Matthew 26:31)|
|Even my close friend, in whom I trusted, who ate my bread,
has lifted up his heel against me. (Psalm 41:9)
For it is not an enemy who reproaches me, Then I could bear it; Nor is it one who hates me who has exalted himself against me, Then I could hide myself from himBut it is you, a man my equal, My companion and my familiar friend. (Psalm 55:12-13)
"And one will say to him, 'What are these wounds between your arms?' Then he will say,' Those with which I was wounded in the house of my friends.' (Zechariah 13:6)
|betrayed by a close friend||"The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, Because He anointed
Me to preach the gospel to the poor." While He was still speaking, behold,
a multitude came, and the one called Judas, one of the twelve, was preceding
them; and he approached Jesus to kiss Him. But Jesus said to him, "Judas,
are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?" (Luke 22:47-48)
And immediately he went to Jesus and said, "Hail, Rabbi!" and kissed Him. And Jesus said to him, "Friend, do what you have come for." Then they came and laid hands on Jesus and seized Him. (Matthew 26:49-50)
|And I said to them, "If it is good in your sight, give me my wages; but if not, never mind!" So they weighed out thirty shekels of silver as my wages. (Zechariah 11:12)||betrayed for thirty pieces of silver||Then one of the twelve, named Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests, and said, "What are you willing to give me to deliver Him up to you?" And they weighed out to him thirty pieces of silver. (Matthew 26:14-15)|
|Then the LORD said to me, "Throw it to the potter, that magnificent price at which I was valued by them." So I took the thirty shekels of silver and threw them to the potter in the house of the LORD. (Zechariah 11:13)||betrayal money used to buy Potter's field||And the chief priests took the pieces of silver and said, "It is not lawful to put them into the temple treasury, since it is the price of blood." And they counseled together and with the money bought the Potter's Field as a burial place for strangers. (Matthew 27:6-7)|
|Malicious witnesses rise up; they ask me of things that I do not know. (Psalm 35:11)||accused by false witnesses||And some stood up and began to give false testimony against Him, saying, "We heard Him say, `I will destroy this temple made with hands, and in three days I will build another made without hands.'" (Mark 14:57-58)|
|He was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth; like a lamb that is led to slaughter, and like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, so He did not open His mouth. (Isaiah 53:7)||silent to accusations||And Pilate was questioning Him again, saying, "Do You make no answer? See how many charges they bring against You!" But Jesus made no further answer; so that Pilate was amazed. (Mark 15:4-5)|
|I gave My back to those who strike Me, and My cheeks to those who pluck out the beard; I did not cover My face from humiliation and spitting. (Isaiah 50:6)||spat on and struck||Then they spat in His face and beat Him with their fists;
and others slapped Him, (Matthew 26:67)
And they spat on Him, and took the reed and began to beat Him on the head. (Matthew 27:30)
|But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, and by His scourging we are healed. (Isaiah 53:5)||scourged||Then he released Barabbas for them; but after having Jesus scourged, he delivered Him to be crucified. (Matthew 27:26)|
|Do not let those who are wrongfully my enemies rejoice over me; neither let those who hate me without cause wink maliciously. (Psalm 35:19)||hated without reason||"If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would not have sin; but now they have both seen and hated Me and My Father as well. But they have done this in order that the word may be fulfilled that is written in their Law, `They hated Me without a cause.'" (John 15:24-25)|
|But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, and by His scourging we are healed. (Isaiah 53:5)||vicarious sacrifice||For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly.... But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. (Romans 5:6, 8)|
|Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the great, and He will divide the booty with the strong; because He poured out Himself to death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet He Himself bore the sin of many, and interceded for the transgressors. (Isaiah 53:12)||crucified with malefactors||And they crucified two robbers with Him, one on His right and one on His left. [And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "And He was numbered with transgressors."] (Mark 15:27-28)|
|"And I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants
of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will
look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one
mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him, like the
bitter weeping over a first-born. (Zechariah 12:10)
For dogs have surrounded me; A band of evildoers has encompassed me; They pierced my hands and my feet. (Psalm 22:16)
|pierced through hands and feet||The other disciples therefore were saying to him, "We have seen the Lord!" But he said to them, "Unless I shall see in His hands the imprint of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe."... Then He said to Thomas, "Reach here your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand, and put it into My side; and be not unbelieving, but believing." (John 20:25-27)|
|All who see me sneer at me; they separate with the lip, they wag the head, saying, "Commit yourself to the LORD; let Him deliver him; let Him rescue him, because He delights in him." (Psalm 22:7-8)||sneered and mocked||And the people stood by, looking on. And even the rulers were sneering at Him, saying, "He saved others; let Him save Himself if this is the Christ of God, His Chosen One." (Luke 23:35)|
|For zeal for Thy house has consumed me, and the reproaches of those who reproach Thee have fallen on me. (Psalm 69:9)||was reproached||For even Christ did not please Himself; but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached Thee fell upon Me." (Romans 15:3)|
|I also have become a reproach to them; When they see me, they wag their head. (Psalm 109:25)||people shook their heads||And those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads, (Matthew 27:39)|
|They also gave me gall for my food, And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink. (Psalm 69:21)||given vinegar for His thirst||After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, "I am thirsty." A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop, and brought it up to His mouth. (John 19:28-29)|
|In return for my love they act as my accusers; but I am
in prayer. (Psalm 109:4)
… yet He Himself bore the sin of many, and interceded for the transgressors. (Isaiah 53:12)
|prayer for His enemies||But Jesus was saying, "Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing." And they cast lots, dividing up His garments among themselves. (Luke 23:34)|
|I can count all my bones. They look, they stare at me; they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots. (Psalm 22:17-18)||soldiers gambled for His clothing||And when they had crucified Him, they divided up His garments among themselves, casting lots; and sitting down, they began to keep watch over Him there. (Matthew 27:35-36)|
|My God, my God, why hast Thou forsaken me? Far from my deliverance are the words of my groaning. (Psalm 22:1)||forsaken by God||And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" that is, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" (Matthew 27:46)|
|Into Thy hand I commit my spirit; Thou hast ransomed me, O Lord, God of truth. (Psalm 31:5)||committed His Spirit to God||And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, "Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit." And having said this, He breathed His last. (Luke 23:46)|
|My loved ones and my friends stand aloof from my plague; And my kinsmen stand afar off. (Psalm 38:11)||friends stood afar off||And all His acquaintances and the women who accompanied Him from Galilee, were standing at a distance, seeing these things. (Luke 23:49)|
|He keeps all his bones; not one of them is broken. (Psalm 34:20)||no bones broken||The soldiers therefore came, and broke the legs of the first man, and of the other man who was crucified with Him; but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs;... For these things came to pass, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, "Not a bone of Him shall be broken." (John 19:32, 33, 36)|
|"And I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him, like the bitter weeping over a first-born. (Zechariah 12:10)||His side pierced||but one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately there came out blood and water. (John 19:34)|
|"And it will come about in that day," declares the Lord God, "That I shall make the sun go down at noon And make the earth dark in broad daylight. (Amos 8:9)||Darkness over the Land||Now from the sixth hour darkness fell upon all the land until the ninth hour. (Matthew 27:45)|
|His grave was assigned with wicked men, yet He was with a rich man in His death, because He had done no violence, nor was there any deceit in His mouth. (Isaiah 53:9)||buried with the rich||And when it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who himself had also become a disciple of Jesus. This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given over to him. And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock; and he rolled a large stone against the entrance of the tomb and went away. (Matthew 27:57-60)|
|For Thou wilt not abandon my soul to Sheol; Neither wilt
Thou allow Thy Holy One to undergo decay. (Psalm 16:10)
O LORD, Thou hast brought up my soul from Sheol; Thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit. (Psalm 30:3)
But God will redeem my soul from the power of Sheol; for He will receive me. Selah. (Psalm 49:15)
I shall not die, but live, And tell of the works of the LORD. (Psalm 118:17)
|to be resurrected||And he said to them, "Do not be amazed; you are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who has been crucified. He has risen; He is not here; behold, here is the place where they laid Him. But go, tell His disciples and Peter, `He is going before you into Galilee; there you will see Him, just as He said to you.'" (Mark 16:6-7)|
|`For I will pour out water on the thirsty land and streams
on the dry ground; I will pour out My Spirit on your offspring, and My
blessing on your descendants;' (Isaiah 44:3)
"And it will come about after this That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind; And your sons and daughters will prophesy, Your old men will dream dreams, Your young men will see visions. (Joel 2:28)
|sent the Holy Spirit||And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said
to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit." (John 20:22)
"but this is what was spoken of through the prophet Joel: `And it shall be in the last days,' God says, 'That I will pour forth of My Spirit upon all mankind; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams;'" (Acts 2:16-17)
|"Incline your ear and come to Me. Listen, that you may live;
And I will make an everlasting covenant with you, According to the faithful
mercies shown to David. Behold, I have made him a witness to the peoples,
a leader and commander for the peoples. (Isaiah 55:3-4)
Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,...But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days," declares the LORD, "I will put My law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. (Jeremiah 31:31)
|Establishes a new covenant||for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out
for many for forgiveness of sins. (Matthew 26:28)
And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood. (Luke 22:20)
But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises... For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel After those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws into their minds, And I will write them upon their hearts. And I will be their God, And they shall be My people. (Hebrews 8:6-10)
|Thou hast ascended on high, Thou hast led captive Thy captives;
Thou hast received gifts among men, even among the rebellious also, that
the LORD God may dwell there. (Psalm 68:18)
The LORD says to my Lord: "Sit at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet." (Psalm 110:1)
|His ascension to God's right hand||So then, when the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, He was
received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. (Mark
and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, (1 Corinthians 15:4)
Therefore it says, "When He ascended on high, He led captive a host of captives, And He gave gifts to men." (Ephesians 4:8)
|The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light;
Those who live in a dark land, The light will shine on them. (Isaiah
Then it will come about in that day that the nations will resort to the root of Jesse, Who will stand as a signal for the peoples; and His resting place will be glorious. (Isaiah 11:10)
"I permitted Myself to be sought by those who did not ask for Me; I permitted Myself to be found by those who did not seek Me. I said, 'Here am I, here am I,' To a nation which did not call on My name." (Isaiah 65:1)
|the Gentiles will seek the Messiah||For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this
mystery, lest you be wise in your own estimation, that a partial hardening
has happened to Israel until the fulness of the Gentiles has come in; (Romans
"THE PEOPLE WHO WERE SITTING IN DARKNESS SAW A GREAT LIGHT, AND TO THOSE WHO WERE SITTING IN THE LAND AND SHADOW OF DEATH, UPON THEM A LIGHT DAWNED." (Matthew 4:16)