Justification is a forensic term, opposed to condemnation. In regard to its nature, it is the judicial act of God, by which He pardons all the sins of those who believe in Christ, and accounts, accepts, and treats them as righteous in the eye of the law, i.e., as conformed to all its demands. In addition to the pardon of sin, justification declares that all the claims of the law are satisfied in respect of the justified. It is the act of a judge and not of a sovereign. The law is not relaxed or set aside, but is declared to be fulfilled in the strictest sense; and so the person justified is declared to be entitled to all the advantages and rewards arising from perfect obedience to the law (Romans 5:1-10).
It proceeds on the imputing or crediting to the believer by God himself of the perfect righteousness, active and passive, of His Representative and Surety, Jesus Christ (Romans 10:3-9). Justification is not the forgiveness of a man without righteousness, but a declaration that he possesses a righteousness that perfectly and forever satisfies the law, namely, Christ's righteousness (2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 4:6-8).
The sole condition on which this righteousness is imputed or credited to the believer is faith in or on the Lord Jesus Christ. Faith is called a "condition," not because it possesses any merit, but only because it is the instrument, the only instrument by which the soul appropriates or apprehends Christ and His righteousness (Romans 1:17; 3:25, 26; 4:20, 22; Philippians 3:8-11; Galatians 2:16).
The act of faith which thus secures our justification secures also at the same time our sanctification (q.v.); and thus the doctrine of justification by faith does not lead to licentiousness (Romans 6:2-7). Good works, while not the ground, are the certain consequence of justification (Romans 6:14; 7:6).
|2135||zakah||Hebrew||to be clear, clean or pure (1)|
|6663||tsadeq||Hebrew||to be just or righteous (5)|
|1344g||dikaioo||Greek||to show to be righteous, to declare righteous (4)|
|1345g||dikaioma||Greek||an ordinance, a sentence of acquittal (1)|
|1347g||dikaiosis||Greek||the act of pronouncing righteous, acquittal (2)|
|Cannot be done by acts of men||Genesis 44:16, Job 32:2, 40:8, Isaiah 43:9, Luke 10:29, 16:15, Romans 3:20, 4:2, Galatians 2:16, 3:11, 5:4|
|Done by God||1 Kings 8:32, 2 Chronicles 6:23, Isaiah 45:25, Luke 16:15, Romans 2:13, 3:30, 8:33, Galatians 3:8|
|Done for people who trust in God||1 Kings 8:32, 2 Chronicles 6:23|
|Done through God's grace||Romans 3:24, 26, 5:16, Galatians 5:4, Titus 3:7|
|Done through the Holy Spirit||1 Corinthians 6:11|
|Justified through works of faith||James 2:21, 24, 25|
|Justified by our own words||Matthew 12:37, Romans 3:4|
|Justified through faith||Romans 3:26, 28, 4:5, 5:1, Galatians 2:16, 3:8, 3:11, 3:24|
|Justified through humility and repentance||Luke 18:14|
|Predestined by God||Romans 8:30, 33|
|Promised by God's word||Galatians 3:8|
|Results in eternal life||Titus 3:7|
|Through Jesus Christ||Isaiah 53:11, Romans 3:24, 26, 4:25, 5:1, 9, 18, 1 Corinthians 6:11, Galatians 2:16, 17, 3:24, 5:4|
- Salvation in the Bible
- The grace of God
- My Attorney
- Going to Heaven Are We?
- Did Jesus Command Baptism in Order to be Saved?
- Water Baptism... Is it Necessary for Salvation?
- Forgiveness of Sin
- Is Confession Necessary for Forgiveness of Sin for the Christian?
- Eternal Security of the Believer: Once Saved Always Saved?
- Have Christians Already Overcome Satan? - The Importance of the Word of God in the Life of the Believer
- Therefore having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom also we have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand; and we exult in hope of the glory of God. And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance; and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope; and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will hardly die for a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even to die. But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. For if while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. (Romans 5:1-10)
- For not knowing about God's righteousness, and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God. For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes. For Moses writes that the man who practices the righteousness which is based on law shall live by that righteousness. But the righteousness based on faith speaks thus, "DO NOT SAY IN YOUR HEART, 'WHO WILL ASCEND INTO HEAVEN?' (that is, to bring Christ down), or 'WHO WILL DESCEND INTO THE ABYSS?' (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead)." But what does it say? "THE WORD IS NEAR YOU, IN YOUR MOUTH AND IN YOUR HEART"-- that is, the word of faith which we are preaching, that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you shall be saved; (Romans 10:3-9)
- He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. (2 Corinthians 5:21)
- Just as David also speaks of the blessing upon the man to whom God reckons righteousness apart from works: "BLESSED ARE THOSE WHOSE LAWLESS DEEDS HAVE BEEN FORGIVEN, AND WHOSE SINS HAVE BEEN COVERED. "BLESSED IS THE MAN WHOSE SIN THE LORD WILL NOT TAKE INTO ACCOUNT." (Romans 4:6-8)
- For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, "BUT THE RIGHTEOUS man SHALL LIVE BY FAITH." (Romans 1:17)
- whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. (Romans 3:25-26)
- yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief, but grew strong in faith, giving glory to God... Therefore also IT WAS RECKONED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS. (Romans 4:20,22)
- More than that, I count all things to be loss in view of the surpassing value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them but rubbish in order that I may gain Christ, and may be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith, that I may know Him, and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death; in order that I may attain to the resurrection from the dead. (Philippians 3:8-11)
- nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we may be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law shall no flesh be justified. (Galatians 2:16)
- May it never be! How shall we who died to sin still live in it? Or do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death? Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, in order that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life. For if we have become united with Him in the likeness of His death, certainly we shall be also in the likeness of His resurrection,knowing this, that our old self was crucified with Him, that our body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin; for he who has died is freed from sin. (Romans 6:2-7)
- For sin shall not be master over you, for you are not under law, but under grace... But now we have been released from the Law, having died to that by which we were bound, so that we serve in newness of the Spirit and not in oldness of the letter. (Romans 6:14; 7:6)
We are what we think.
- 12/06/2016 08:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on Ronald Nash
Ronald Nash was one of the most influential evangelical Christian thinkers of the last half-century, but what exactly did he believe and what did he contribute to the Christian apologetics enterprise? Hereâ€™s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of Ronald Nashâ€”and why he still matters today. Who Was Ronald Nash? Ronald H. Nash (1936â€“2006) was born in Cleveland,…
- 11/29/2016 08:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on Walter Martin
Walter Martin was one of the most distinctive Christian apologists of the twentieth century, but what exactly did he believe and what did he contribute to the apologetics enterprise? Hereâ€™s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of Walter Martinâ€”and why he still matters today. Who Was Walter Martin? Walter Ralston Martin (1928â€“1989) was born in New York City…
- 11/22/2016 12:07 PM
The Appeal of Common Christianity
Within church history, it seems some Christian traditions or denominations like to emphasize those beliefs that make their particular group distinctive. These unique features or beliefs often reflect an attempt to answer or resolve a challenging or paradoxical aspect of Christian theology (such as God’s sovereignty versus human freedom, views of the sacraments or ordinances such as baptism, perspectives on…
- 11/15/2016 08:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on Justin Martyr
Saint Justin, also known as Justin Martyr, was one of the first Christians to meet Greco-Roman thinkers on their own ground by using philosophy as a tool or handmaid (servant) to defend the gospel message. But what else did he contribute to historic Christianity? Hereâ€™s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of Justin Martyrâ€”and why he still matters…
- 11/08/2016 08:30 AM
How Would You Introduce Your Faith?
Have you ever been asked to introduce yourself in a public setting? What if you were asked to introduce your Christian faith to a group of non-Christiansâ€”what would you say? As you think about the question you might consider conveying that the Christian faith is a set of beliefsâ€”but it also involves an important collection of values, and it is…
- 11/01/2016 07:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on St. Jerome
Tradition reveals that St. Jerome preferred studying the biblical languages because it helped him fend off impure thoughts. But who was this ancient Christian monk, and what is his enduring legacy in terms of historic Christianity? Hereâ€™s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of St. Jeromeâ€”and why he still matters today. Who Was Jerome? Jerome (c. 347â€“420) was…
- 10/25/2016 07:07 AM
3 Books to Deepen Your Delight in Jesus
I have a new book coming out in early 2017 titled God among Sages: Why Jesus Is Not Just Another Religious Leader (Baker Books). In this new volume, I compare Jesus with Buddha, Krishna, Confucius, and Muhammad. In preparation for writing my new book, I read close to 100 books about the life and ministry of Jesus Christ and about…
- 10/18/2016 07:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on St. Basil
Not many people are known as so-and-so â€śthe Great.â€ť But St. Basil the Great was one of the finest thinkers, writers, and preachers in Christian church history. What did this man believe, and what did he ultimately contribute to historic Christianity? Hereâ€™s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of St. Basil the Greatâ€”and why he still matters today.…
- 10/11/2016 07:00 AM
Should We Read Print Books or E-books?
Is it better to read paper books or electronic books? E-books have their benefits: They are convenient, especially when traveling, and they are often significantly less expensive than physical books. They are also becoming more like physical books as developers continue to improve the technology. Also, I think all reading is good, so I donâ€™t oppose the reading of…
- 10/04/2016 07:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on Tertullian
Though he died almost 18 centuries ago, Tertullian is often quoted today in theological and apologetics circles. But what did this man believe and what did he ultimately contribute to historic Christianity? Hereâ€™s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of Tertullianâ€”and why he still matters today. Who Was Tertullian? Tertullian (c. 160â€“220) was a North African church father…
Last Updated January 9, 2006