Origin of Mammals: Biblical Data

  • Soulish (nephesh) creatures created on days 5 and 6

  • Creation of specific mammals (cattle, rodents, and carnivores) described for day 6.

  • Though not specifically mentioned, probably included the creation of bipedal An order of mammals including man, apes, monkeys, etc., often characterized by large brains and flexible hands and feet.primates

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The biblical data from the book of Genesis describes the creation of the nephesh (soulish) creatures on the fifth and sixth days of creation (see Day-Age Genesis One Interpretation). Examples given include the "sea monsters" (i.e., whales), cattle, "creeping things" (i.e., rodents), and "beasts of the earth (i.e., carnivores).1 The bipedal An order of mammals including man, apes, monkeys, etc., often characterized by large brains and flexible hands and feet.primates, though not specifically mentioned, would have been created at this time also.


Definitions

nephesh
The Hebrew word most often translated “soul,” referring to both man and animals, including those beings that exhibit mind, will, and emotion.

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions:

nephesh nephesh (Strong's H5315)

  1. soul, self, life, creature, person, appetite, mind, living being, desire, emotion, passion

    1. that which breathes, the breathing substance or being, soul, the inner being of man

    2. living being

    3. living being (with life in the blood)

    4. the man himself, self, person or individual

    5. seat of the appetites

    6. seat of emotions and passions

    7. activity of mind

      1. dubious

    8. activity of the will

      1. dubious

    9. activity of the character

      1. dubious

Part of Speech: noun feminine
A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: from H5314

Same Word by TWOT Number:
1395a


References Top of page

  1. Genesis:
    1:20 Then God said, "Let the waters teem with swarms of living creatures [nephesh], and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the heavens."
    1:21 And God created the great sea monsters, and every living creature [nephesh] that moves, with which the waters swarmed after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind; and God saw that it was good.
    1:22 And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth."
    1:23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
    1:24 Then God said, "Let the earth bring forth living creatures [nephesh] after their kind: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth after their kind"; and it was so.
    1:25 And God made the beasts of the earth after their kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good.
    1:26 Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth."
    1:27 And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

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Last Modified June 21, 2006

 

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