“Racial” Diversity Among Chimpanzees Compared to Humans
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Slide 104 of 109
We tend not to think that
other species can be separated into races (other than maybe dogs and cats,
which we have bred to look different). When we compare human genetic
diversity to chimpanzees
(which we would say "all look alike"), we find that chimpanzees
are two to four
times more genetically diverse than the global human population.
Therefore, the scientific data shows that racial differences do not
reflect massive genetic diversity.
Kaessmann, Victor Wiebe, Svante Pääbo. 1999. Extensive Nuclear DNA Sequence Diversity Among Chimpanzees. Science 286: 1159-1162.
Krings, M., C. Capelli,
F. Tschentscher, H. Geisert, S. Meyer, A. von Haeseler, K.
Grossschmidt, G. Possnert, M. Paunovic, and S. Pääbo. 2000. A view
of Neandertal genetic diversity Nature Genetics 26: 144-146.
M. Nei and A. K.
Roychoudhury. 1982. Genetic relationship and evolution of human races.
Evolutionary Biology 14: 1-59.
Janczewski DN. Goldman
D. O'Brien SJ. 1990. Molecular genetic divergence of orangutan (Pongo
pygmaeus) subspecies based on isozyme and two-dimensional gel
electrophoresis. Journal of Heredity 81: 375-387.
Last Modified June 21, 2006